History, Tales, and Destinations in the Land of Ahs


Historic People of Kansas - "H"



John A. HaldermanJohn A. Halderman (1833?-1908) - Soldier, statesman and diplomat, Halderman was born and raised in Kentucky. He was educated at McKendree College in Lebanon, Illinois, and subsequently studied law at the University of Louisville. In the spring of 1854, at the age of 21, he came to Kansas and began the practice of law at Leavenworth. He served as private secretary to Andrew H. Reeder, the first territorial governor, and in 1855 was Secretary of the first Territorial Council. He was appointed the first probate judge of Leavenworth County; was a major of the First Kansas Regiment in the Civil War, and a major-general of the State Militia. He served two terms as mayor of Leavenworth; was a regent of the University of Kansas; a member of the State House of Representatives and in 1870 was elected a member of the State Senate. In 1872-73 he traveled abroad. In 1880 he was appointed Consul at Bangkok and was soon promoted to Consul-General by President James Garfield. In 1883 he was the first United States Minister to Siam, where the king honored him with the decoration of Knight Commander of the Order of the White Elephant, and later the French government bestowed on him Commander of the Royal Order of Cambodia. He resigned his position in 1885 and returned to Leavenworth. For some years he resided in Washington, D.C., and at the outbreak of the Spanish-American War promptly tendered his services to the Secretary of War. He was a member of the Kansas Historical Society and a frequent contributor to its publications. He died in Washington, D.C., in October, 1908, and was buried in the government cemetery at Arlington.  


Charles A. Hamelton - A pro-slavery leader during the Kansas-Missouri Border War, he was a native of Cass County, Georgia, where his father, Dr. Thomas A. Hamelton, was a wealthy and influential citizen. When the Territory of Kansas was organized Milton McGee went to Georgia to recruit men to aid in making Kansas a slave state. At Cassville, he made a fiery speech and Charles Hamelton and his brother were among the first to rally to McGee's side. His father, Dr. Hamelton contributed $1,000 to the cause. Hamelton is best known as the perpetrator of the Marais des Cygnes Massacre on May 19, 1858. Afterwards, the governor offered a reward off $500 for Hamelton's apprehension but wasn't caught. When Hamelton came to Kansas he was the owner of a plantation in Georgia, but was heavily in debt. At the close of the Kansas-Missouri Border War, he returned to Georgia, was stripped of everything by his creditors, took bancruptcy and went to Texas, where he engaged in horse raising. In 1861 he raised a regiment, of which he was commissioned colonel, and served with General Robert E. Lee in the Confederate Army in Virginia. After the war he went back to Georgia, where he died some years later.


William Alexander HarrisWilliam Alexander Harris (1841-1909) - Civil engineer and United States Senator, he was born in Loudoun County, Virginia on October 29, 1841. He attended school at Luray, Virginia, until his eighth year, when his father, William H. Harris, was appointed minister to the Argentine Republic, and for four years the family lived at Buenos Ayres. When they returned to the United States, he began his technical education and graduated from Columbia College in Washington, D.C. in June, 1859. Immediately afterward he went to Central America and spent six months on a ship canal survey, but returned home and entered the Virginia Military Institute in January, 1860. He was in the graduating class of 1861, but the outbreak of the Civil War stopped all study, and in April he and his classmates entered the Confederate service. He served three years as Assistant Adjutant-General of Wilcox's Brigade and as Ordnance Officer of Generals D. H. Hill's and Rodes' divisions of the Army of Northern Virginia. In 1865, he came to Kansas and entered the employ of the Union Pacific Railroad as a civil engineer. The road was then completed to Lawrence, and his first work was to build the Leavenworth branch, which he completed in 1866. Harris was resident engineer of the road until it was completed to Carson in the fall of 1868, when he accepted the bought land from the Delaware Indian Reservation and began farming and raising stock. In 1876 he became interested in short-horn cattle and within a short time, his herds were known throughout the country for their high quality.


When he was nominated for Congressman-at-large by the Populists in 1892, he was in Scotland, comparing notes with breeders and planning for the improvement of his stock. His nomination was endorsed by the Farmers' Alliance and the Democratic Party and he was elected. In 1894 he was re-nominated but defeated. In the fall of 1896 he was elected to the State Senate from the Third District, and the following January he was elected to the United States Senate to succeed William A. Peffer. Harris took an active part in railroad legislation in Kansas and in Congress, but was unable to have his ideas carried out. He was deeply interested in the Nicaraguan Canal Project when it came before the United States Senate, and was a member of the committee having the question of the proposed canal in charge. He saved millions for  the government in the Pacific Railroad claims when that question came before Congress for settlement. Although an ex-Confederate he was loyal to his state and country, voting for what he deemed best, and measured up to the standard of true statesmanship. After retiring from the United States Senate, he made one political campaign as the Democratic candidate for governor of Kansas. From 1906 he resided in Lawrence, Kansas, although connected with the National Live Stock Association with headquarters in Chicago. He was appointed regent of the State Agricultural College at Manhattan and took an active interest in the development of that institution and the United States experimental stations. He died at the home of his sister in Chicago, Illinois on December 21, 1909.  




James Madison HarveyJames Madison Harvey (1833-1894) - The fifth governor of Kansas after her admission as a state, he was born in Monroe County, Virginia on September 21, 1833. While still in his childhood his parents, Thomas and Margaret (Walker) Harvey, moved to Rush County, Indiana, then to Iowa, and later to Adams County, Illinois Harvey received his education in public schools, afterwards becoming a surveyor. In 1854 he married Charlotte R. Cutler of Adams County Illinois and in 1859 they moved to Kansas, settling in Riley County. When the Civil War broke out in 1861 he organized a company at Ogden, Kansas, which was mustered into the United States service at Fort Leavenworth as Company G, Tenth Kansas Infantry. He was commissioned captain of his company, and when the Fourth and Tenth regiments were consolidated he retained his rank in the new organization. In 1864, he was mustered out and returned to his farm. The following year he was elected to represent Riley County in the lower house of the State Legislature, and was re-elected in 1866. During the years 1867-68 he was a member of the State Senate from what was then the Seventh district, composed of Marshall, Riley and Shirley (now Cloud) counties. In 1868, when some of his friends urged him to run for governor, he looked over the field and concluded that he was not financially able to make the race. At this juncture, a friend came to him and voluntarily offered to furnish him with sufficient money to pay the expenses of his campaign. Harvey then borrowed $200, which paid all his expenses, received the nomination and was elected. Harvey was re-elected governor in 1870 by an increased majority, and upon retiring from the office in January, 1873, he resumed his old occupation of surveyor. He was thus employed in western Kansas when he was elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Alexander Caldwell, the term expiring on March 4, 1877. While in the senate he served on several important committees, and at the expiration of his service he again took up the life of a private citizen on his farm near Vinton in Riley County. Between the years 1881 and 1884 he was engaged in making surveys in New Mexico, Arizona, Utah and Nevada. Ill health in 1884 led him to return to Virginia, where he spent six years -- three in Norfolk and three in Richmond -- but in 1890 he came back to Kansas. He died near Junction City, Kansas in on April 15, 1894 and was buried at Highland Cemetery in Junction City.


Clara H. Hazelrigg (1859-??) - Teacher, author and evangelist, she was born at Council Grove, Kansas on November 23, 1859 to Colonel H. J. Espy, Melora E. (Cook) Espy. When Clara's mother died in 1861, she was taken to Indiana but returned in 1866. Just two years later, her father died and she was again sent to Indiana where she attended school When she was just 14 years-old, she began  teaching in a private school and later in the public schools of Ripley County, Indiana on December 27, 1877 she was married to W. A. Hazelrigg of Greensburg, Indiana and in 1883 they moved to Kansas settling in Butler County, where she resumed her work as teacher. She attended business college at Emporia and was elected superintendent of the Butler County schools. In 1895 she published a History of Kansas, which shows evidence of considerable research and literary ability. This is her best known literary work. Later, the family moved to Topeka, but their vacations are spent upon Mr. Hazelrigg's ranch in New Mexico. In addition to her teaching, she also devoted much time to church work and  won a wide reputation as an evangelist.


Seth M. Hays (1811-1873) - The first white settler of what was to become Council Grove, Kansas, Hays would make a large contribution to Council Grove and the Santa Fe Trail.


Edward W. HochEdward W. Hoch (1849-1920) - The 17th Governor of Kansas from 1905 to 1909, Hoch was born at Danville, Kentucky on March 17, 1849. After attending public schools he entered Central University at Danville, but did not graduate, leaving the institution to enter a newspaper office where he spent three years in learning the printer's trade. He then came to Kansas and settled on 160 acres of land near Florence, in Marion County, where he engaged in farming. However, the fascination with the newspaper office were too strong to be resisted, and in 1874 he gave up farming and bought the Marion Record. That was the year of the great grasshopper plague and for some time his newspaper struggled. However, once the grasshopper crisis was over, his business began to improve and by 1876 he had paid his debts. On May 23, 1876, he celebrated his success by marrying Sarah L. Dickerson of Marion. Hoch soon became one of the active editors of the state in proclaiming Republican doctrines, which brought him into prominence in the councils of that party. In 1888, he was elected to the lower house of the State Legislature, and in 1892 was re-elected. His reputation in the legislature led to his nomination for governor. In 1904 he was elected and at the close of his first term was re-elected. He retired from the office in January, 1909, when he was succeeded by Governor Stubbs. Afterwards, he devoted the greater part of his time to the lecture platform and passed the active management of his newspaper to his son, Homer Hoch. He died on June 1, 1925 and was buried in Marion, Kansas.


Christian Hoecken (??-1851) - An early Catholic Missionary, Hoeken came to Kansas as a missionary to the Kickapoo Indians some time prior to the year 1837. In the fall of that year he founded the Pottawatomie Mission on Sugar Creek, in what is now Miami County, near the eastern line of the state. He accompanied one of the first parties to the new mission and reservation on the Kansas River in 1847. Here, he continued his labors until 1851, when he joined Father De Smet for missionary work among the Indian tribes farther up the Missouri River. While on board the steamboat St. Ange, bound for his new field, he was attacked by cholera and died on June 19, 1851. His body was encased in a cottonwood log, which had been hollowed out for the purpose, the seams sealed with pitch, and buried on the bank of the river. On the return trip the rude coffin was exhumed and taken to St. Louis, Missouri, where the body was interred according to the rites of the Jesuit fathers.


Cyrus K. HollidayCyrus K. Holliday (1826-1900) - Cyrus Kurtz Holliday was a capitalist and railroad builder who made his dream come true when he established the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway.

Thomas Sears Huffaker (1825-1910) - One of the pioneer teachers of Kansas, Huffaker was born in Clay County, Missouri on March 30, 1825, a son of Reverend George Huffaker, who had come from Kentucky five years before. He was educated in public schools and in 1849 came to Kansas in connection with the manual training school for the Shawnee Indians at the mission in what is now Jefferson County. The following year, he went to Council Grove, where he took charge of the Indian mission school which had been established on the Kaw Reservation by the Methodist Episcopal Church South. He remained at the head of this school until it was abandoned in 1854. On May 6, 1852,  Huffaker married Eliza A. Baker. About the time the Indian mission school was abandoned, the Huffakers organized a school for white children, which was probably the first school of the kind in Kansas. Huffaker was one of the incorporators of the Council Grove Town Company; was the first postmaster at Council Grove; was elected to the state legislature in 1874 and again in 1879; was a regent of the State Normal School from 1864 to 1871. He was frequently a delegate to Republican conventions, and as late as May, 1906, was a member of the state convention of that party. He died on July 10, 1910.

Lyman Underwood Humphrey (1844-1915) - The 11th governor of the State of Kansas, Humphrey was born at New Baltimore, Ohio on July 25, 1844. At the age of 17 he left high school at Massillon, Ohio to enlist in Company I, Seventy-sixth Ohio infantry, which was mustered into the United States service on October 7, 1861. Later, he was a member of Companies D and E of the same regiment, but was mustered out on July 15, 1865, as first lieutenant of Company I. His regiment was first attached to the First Brigade, First Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, commanded first by General  William T. Sherman and later by General John A. Logan. He was with his command in the engagements at Fort Donelson, Chickasaw Bluffs, Jackson, Vicksburg, about Chattanooga in the fall of 1863, and in numerous battles and skirmishes of the Atlanta Campaign of 1864. After the fall of Atlanta, he was with Sherman in the famous "March to the Sea," and up through the Carolinas, taking part in the battle of Bentonville and being present at the surrender of the Confederate Army under General J. F. Johnston. After the war he attended Mount Union College at Alliance, Ohio,for a short time, and then entered the law department of the University of Michigan, where he graduated in 1867. The succeeding year he was admitted to the Ohio bar, but soon afterward moved to Shelby County, Missouri, where he engaged in teaching and newspaper work. In 1871, with his mother and brother, John E. Humphrey, he came to Kansas, locating at Independence, which he then called home for the rest of his days. He was one of the founders of the Independence Tribune, and during the early years of its existence took an active part in the newspaper. On Christmas day, in 1872, Humphrey was united in marriage with Amanda Leonard of Beardstown, Illinoisand in 1873 he engaged in the practice of law. Always a Republican, he soon became an influential factor in the councils of the Republican Party in Kansas, and in 1876 he was elected to represent his district in the State Legislature. While there, he served on the judiciary committee, one of the most important of the house. In 1877, he was elected Lieutenant-Governor for the unexpired term of Melville J. Salter, who had resigned, and the following year was elected to the office for a full term of two years. In 1884, he was elected to the State Senate, and in the ensuing session of the legislature introduced the resolution to strike the word "white" from the constitutional provision relating to the state militia. Humphrey was nominated for governor by the Republican State Convention at Topeka on July 26, 1888, and at the election the following November was victorious. At the expiration of his first term he was re-elected, holding the office for four years altogether. Upon retiring from the office of governor he resumed the practice of law. In 1892, he was the Republican nominee for Congress in his district, but was defeated by Thomas J. Hudson, the Populist candidate. Humphrey died on September 12, 1915 in Independence, Kansas.




Compiled and edited by Kathy Weiser/Legends of Kansas, updated March, 2017.




About the Article: The majority of this historic text was published in Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume I; edited by Frank W. Blackmar,  A.M. Ph. D.; Standard Publishing Company, Chicago, IL 1912. However, the text that appears on these pages is not verbatim, as additions, updates, and editing have occurred.


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