Kansas - Page 2
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Sixteen charters were granted to railroad companies by the legislature of
1857 -- the second legislative session to be held in the territory. Governor
Calhoun, J. A. Halderman, P. T. Abell, and a number
of others incorporated the Grand Central Gulf Company, with a capital stock of
$10,000,000 and authority to build a road from the northern to the southern
boundary of the territory, to connect and cooperate with roads in
the north and
on the south, thus forming a line from the interior to the
The act incorporating the Marysville or Palmetto & Roseport Railroad named 13
directors, fixed the capital stock at $5,000,000, and granted the company a
franchise to build a road from Marysville to Roseport in Kansas "so as to
connect with the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad."
P.T. Abell and John H.
were the chief promoter of the Atchison &
Fort Riley Company, which was granted a charter to build a road between the
points named, work to begin within five years. The capital stock of this company
When the railroad pushed westward through the plains, buffalo
were often shot for sport as the trains passed by, the carcasses
left to rot upon the prairie. Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, June,
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The Missouri River & Rocky Mountain Company, with a capital stock of $1,000,000,
was authorized to build a road from any point on the Missouri River between
and Delaware City to any point on the western boundary of the
territory. John Calhoun
and D. A. N. Grover were at the head of this company.
The Delaware & Lecompton
was incorporated by amending the act of the previous
session relating to the Kansas Central, the powers, rights and privileges of the
latter being transferred to the Delaware & Lecompton Company, with the original
incorporators and capital stock.
The Mine Hill Railroad and Mining company was incorporated with a capital stock
of $5,000,000 and a franchise to begin mining or the construction of a railway
within five years, but the terminals of the railroad were not definitely fixed
by the act of incorporation.
A charter for the Atchison & Palmetto authorized the issue of $1,000,000 in
capital stock for the purpose of building a railroad from Atchison to Palmetto
"on the Big Blue River."
An amendment was made to the charter of the Leavenworth, Pawnee & Western
Company, giving it the power to build a branch "beginning at some favorable
point on the Leavenworth, Pawnee & Western and follow the most practicable route
southwardly, to terminate on the southern boundary of Kansas
at some point where
easy connection may be had with a line of railroad extending through the
and the State of
to the Gulf of Mexico."
Thomas Johnson, Johnston Lykins, John C. McCoy, David Lykins and A. M. Coffey
secured a charter for a company to be known as the Eastern Kansas & Gulf
Railroad Company, with a capital stock of $5,000,000 and the right to build a
road from the western boundary of the State of
Missouri, on the south side of
the Kansas River, so as to connect at its western terminus with the Pacific
The Palermo & Lecompton, the Atchison & Lecompton, and the Prairie City &
Missouri State Line companies were chartered to build lines between the points
named in the respective acts of incorporation, and the last named company was
also authorized to build "two branches to any point in the territory."
The Central Railroad Company of Kansas received a charter at the session of
1857, to build a road from Roseport, opposite
Missouri, southward via the
Neosho valley to Galveston bay. The authorized capital stock of this company was
$5,000,000, and among the incorporators were Aristides Rodrique,
W. P. Richardson and John W. Forman.
Wilson Shannon, John Calhoun, R. R. Rees, L. J. Eastin and their associates
secured a charter for the Missouri River & Nemaha Valley railroad, to run from
the Missouri River in Doniphan county toward Fort Kearny, etc. The capital stock
of this company was $5,000,000.
The St. Joseph & St. George Company, composed mostly of citizens of Hannibal,
Missouri , was given a franchise to construct a road from
to St. George on
the Kansas River in Pottawatomie County, and the St. Joseph & Topeka, with a
capital of $1,500,000, was authorized to construct a road "with one or more
tracks," from a point on the Missouri River opposite
A glance at the charters above mentioned shows that the principal promoters of
proposed railroads during the first three years of the territorial existence of
were prominent pro-slavery men --
John Calhoun, Daniel
Woodson, Samuel D.
party carried the election for members of the legislature in the
fall of 1857, a new set of railroad projectors came to the front. The legislature
of 1858 -- the first one controlled by Free-State
men -- granted charters to a number
of railroad companies, and in every instance the incorporators were members of
In the act incorporating the Delaware & Lawrence Company, S. B. Prentiss,
Cyrus K. Holliday, James Blood, O. E. Learnard, John Hutchinson, E. B. Whitman, J. S.
Emery, S. C. Harrington, J. W. Pennoyer, George Q. Twombly, J. A. Finley and
William Hutchinson were named as the first board of directors. The capital stock
of the company was placed at $1,506,000, work was to be commenced within six
years and the road was to be completed within ten years from the date of the
Among the incorporators of the Kansas Central, which was also chartered by the
legislature of 1858, were Charles Robinson, J. P. Root, W. Y. Roberts and Henry
J. Adams, all
leaders. This company, the capital stock of which was
$3,000,000, was authorized to build a railroad from the Missouri River "at or
near the mouth of the Kansas
to a point at or near
Fort Riley ."
The act incorporating the Elwood, Palermo & Fort Riley railroad named 40
incorporators, among whom were Cyrus K. Holliday, Thomas Ewing, Jr., J. H. Lane, H.
Miles Moore, J. P. Root and A. L. Lee. The capital stock of this company was
$3,000,000. Work was to be commenced on a road between the terminals named
within five tears and the road was to be completed within twenty years.
The Leavenworth, Lawrence & Fort Gibson (also called the Kansas City, Lawrence &
Southern Kansas) railroad received its charter on February 12, 1858, authorizing the
construction of a road from
to the southern boundary, and from
to Emporia. Several years were spent in efforts to secure land grants
and subsidies to aid in building the road. By the act of Congress, approved
March 3, 1863, the state was given alternate sections for a distance of 10 miles
on either side of a road from Leavenworth
toward Galveston Bay, and the
legislature of Kansas
on February 9, 1864, turned over this grant to the
Leavenworth, Lawrence & Fort Gibson Company. In 1867
Douglas County voted bonds
for $300,000 and Franklin County for $200,000 for the construction of the road.
Work was commenced at Lawrence
soon after these bonds were authorized, and on
Jan. 1, 1868, the road was completed to Ottawa. In 1871 it was finished to
Coffeyville. The line is now a part of the
Topeka & Santa Fe
The original stock of the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Fort Gibson Company was
$2,000,000, and among the incorporators were H. J. Adams, R. B. Mitchell, G. W. Deitzler and John Speer.
Another company chartered by the legislature of 1858, and one with a
high-sounding name, was the Leavenworth City, Delaware City & City of Lawrence
Railroad Company, with a capital stock of $1,500,000. The act named 25
incorporators, including Gaius Jenkins, M. J. Parrott, George W. Smith, George
W. Deitzler and H. Miles Moore.
The charter of the Missouri River & Rocky Mountain road was amended at this
session. In the list of names of the 27 incorporators of the Leavenworth, Hamlin
& Nebraska railroad appear the names of H. M. Moore, J. H. Lane, Gaius Jenkins,
W. Y. Roberts, J. P. Root and E. N. Morrill. The capital stock of this company
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