Bremen, Kansas

Bremen, Kansas Main Street by Kathy Alexander.

Bremen, Kansas Main Street by Kathy Alexander.

Bremen, Kansas, an unincorporated village of Marshall County, got its start when a town was laid out by Henry Brenneke in 1886. He built the first house on the southeast corner of his farm near the St. Joseph & Grand Island Railroad line. The town was named after a seaport in Germany near which he was born.

Early day Bremen, Kansas along the St. Joseph & Grand Island Railroad.

Early day Bremen, Kansas, along the St. Joseph & Grand Island Railroad.

The same year, he erected a store building in which he carried general merchandise, and in March 1877, he established a post office with himself as postmaster. In addition, Mr. Brenneke also carried on an extensive livestock and grain business.

In March 1888, a few German farmers organized the Bremen Farmers Mutual Insurance Company to protect themselves against fire losses. From this very humble beginning, the organization grew to be one of the state’s biggest and most reliable mutual insurance concerns, with agents in 13 counties insuring farm property against fire, lightning, and tornado accidents. The company still operates today.

Carl Schultz built a blacksmith shop in 1888, and two years later, in 1890, Joseph Sedlacek built a hardware store with a spacious hall in the second story. Charles Fischer started a restaurant and lodging house soon after, and Louis Pralle built a store for general merchandise. William Raemer, from Herkimer, opened a lumber yard, which he later sold to the Dursee brothers. In August 1907, the State Bank of Bremen was organized and did a flourishing business.

In August 1907, the State Bank of Bremen was organized.

On the night of March 17, 1908, the little town was entirely wiped out by fire, causing a more than $20,000 loss. Though undismayed by this calamity, the good people proceeded of the community, at once began to rebuild more substantially, and soon a much better town was erected.

Bremen, Kansas Commercial Building by Kathy Alexander.

Bremen, Kansas Commercial Building by Kathy Alexander.

In 1910, the town boasted banking facilities, telegraph and express offices, a post office with two rural mail routes, and a population of 200 people.

In 1917, the town had several businesses, including Sedlacek & Son — a hardware, furniture, and auto supply store; Rengstorft Brothers’ Hardware, Prell Merchandise Company; the Bremen State Bank, a grain elevator, a blacksmith, a lumberyard, a hotel, a telephone exchange, and the Bremen Farmers Mutual Insurance Company, which still operates today. The company had 1541 members at that time and carried $3,268,852 in risks. The population at that time was about 100.

Today, Breman’s population is very small, but it retains a couple of businesses.

Breman is located nine miles northwest of Marysville

Bremen, Kansas Bar by Kathy Alexander.

Bremen, Kansas Bar by Kathy Alexander.

But, even before the town of Breman was established, several German Lutherans lived nearby. These folks founded the Immanuel Lutheran Church-Hermansberg on August 9, 1869, three miles northeast of Bremen, Kansas. The first sermon was conducted by Reverend G Ladgraf on June 7, 1868, in the home of Friedrich Westermann. At that time, the pastor said: “This is Hermansberg. Someday, we will build a church here.”

Construction of the first church began in 1870. The stone church included two rooms in the back — one to serve as a school classroom and the other as a parsonage. It was dedicated in February 1871. However, the local congregation soon outgrew its classroom, and in 1877, a school and teacherage were built.

In 1880, the Voters’ Assembly granted a peaceful release to 15 families in the northwest part of the parish. These families formed Trinity Lutheran Church-Hanover, six miles northwest of Immanuel. This was Immanuel’s first daughter congregation.

Immanuel Lutheran Church-Hermansberg by Kathy Alexander.

Immanuel Lutheran Church-Hermansberg by Kathy Alexander.

The congregation also decided to remove the east wall of the church building to increase seating capacity, which added room to accommodate about 400 worshippers. It was also decided to construct a parsonage. In 1888, with more than 100 students enrolled at the school, the congregation decided to build two more schools and hire two more teachers. One school was built 4.5 miles to the northeast and the other, one mile south of Bremen, giving the congregation three schools, each with grades one through eight.

In 1891, Immanuel was probably the largest congregation in the Kansas District, listed with 626 members plus 170 children in the three schools. After a group of families in the Herkimer area requested their release to form the Zion Lutheran Church in 1892, this became Immanuel’s second daughter congregation. Still in need of larger worship space, the congregation then built two more churches, one in the North School District and another on the site of the original old stone church. The two churches were completed in 1901, with the North church becoming the Bethlehem Lutheran Church-Bremen. More than a century later, these church buildings continue to provide worship services.

Immanuel continued to see changes, including the arrival of electricity, the gradual change to using English instead of German, church renovations, and more new school buildings. In 1952, it was decided to move the South school to Hermansberg to join the North school. The North and South school buildings were physically moved and placed atop a new basement dug northeast of the church. The basement served as a new parish hall for the congregation. In 1964, a ball field was constructed east of the church and school.

Bethlehem Lutheran Church near Breman, Kansas by Kathy Alexander.

Bethlehem Lutheran Church near Breman, Kansas, by Kathy Alexander.

In 1976, a school association was formed between Bethlehem and Immanuel, and the two schools were combined into one, with classes being held at Immanuel as “Bremen Lutheran School.” In 1994, Mt. Calvary-Marysville joined the association, and the association decided to move the school to Marysville. At that time, a new school was built and named Good Shepherd Lutheran School.

The main church is located at 570 Road, Breman, Kansas.

©Kathy Alexander/Legends of Kansas, updated August 2023.

Also See:

Kansas History

Marshall County, Kansas

Marshall County Photo Gallery

Places & Destinations


Blackmar, Frank W.; Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Vol I; Standard Publishing Company, Chicago, IL 1912.
Cutler, William G; History of Kansas; A. T. Andreas, Chicago, IL, 1883
Forter, Emma Elizabeth Calderhead; History of Marshall County, Kansas: Its People, Industries, and Institutions; B.F. Bowen, 1917.
Immanuel Church